For my second post I will talk about self-control. Self control seems to require a certain mental faculty called willpower. But to Skinner (1953) saw that self- control or self- management is an issue of conflicting conflicts that could have a positive and/ or a negative outcome.
In the book he described two perfect examples. Depending on oneself, the amount of drinking alcohol can have a positive and negative outcome. A positive outcome can be feeling relaxed and increasing ones confidence. The negative outcome can be blacking out and doing things you may regret in morning, such as getting a tattoo, fighting, or even spending too much money than you normally would.
With there being positive and negative outcomes of self- controlling, Skinner also says that it all depends because of two different responses, which are controlling response and controlled response. This is an example of how people reason on why they do things. A good example would be like budgeting. I am a big shopper, but I control how much I spend by not taking my credit cards with me to the store that way I do not charge them up. I just use the amount I know I can use with my debit card without going overboard.
Honey, P., Powell, R., & Symbaluk, D. G. (2016). Introduction to learning and behavior (5th ed.). CENGAGE Learning Custom Publishing.