Sunday, November 19, 2017

Chapter 7- Sustaining the Momentum

                                             Chapter 7 – Sustaining the Momentum

Chapter 7 discusses the making of virtual learning communities. Also, how to keep people engaged and interacting, in other words, sustaining the momentum. One way in sustaining the momentum is with appreciative inquiry. Appreciative inquiry is where learners learn from a “what if”, or strengths, perspective. This method helps sustain the momentum of virtual learning communities because it allows the participants to consider each other’s’ ideas and perspectives. From there they can start asking questions and start conversations. An example of a model for appreciative inquiry is a cycle that it continuous that begins with discover (share stories with each other), then onto dream (everyone envisions the future), then to design (creates designs for the organization) and then to destiny (everyone puts the changes into effect).

Another method besides appreciative inquiry is action research. Action research usually occurs in the school setting, but is also capable of occurring in online communities too. This method is performed by a learning and doing mentality. The steps that take place in action research is to identify what the issue is. Then gather information and data about the issue. From there interpret the information that has been collected and form an intervention. After that step the collected data to see if the intervention was successful. From there the cycle starts again.

Chapter 7 mentions that in communities it is important to understand the concerns of the participants. There have been 7 stages associated with how some may feel. 1. Awareness. 2. Informational. 3. Personal. 4. Management. 5. Consequence. 6. Collaboration. 7. Refocusing. From there, there has been 8 levels to creates to help participants to focus on change. These 8 levels are 1. Nouse, no action taken. 2. Orientation, gathering information. 3. Preparation, planning ways to incorporate. 4. Mechanics, concerned with mechanics. 5. Routine, implementing with comfort. 6. Refinement, looking way to improve. 7. Integration, collaborating with others. 8. Renewal, investigating new innovative ways to implement.

As a future educator I find this chapter important to implement into my teachings. I found it to be very interesting the 7 stages on how an individual may feel. This has made me more aware to look for the stages in my students. I will have virtual learning communities where I make sure to keep the momentum going, by having the participants engaging, asking questions and working together to form ideas.

                       How has chapter 7 changed your view towards your major?

Wednesday, November 15, 2017

Chapter 7- Sustaining the Momentum

This chapter in The Connected Educator  discusses a few different stories about sustaining the momentum. There is one teacher named Courtney who shares her experience in the book. She talks about how she learns from her students in the classroom almost everyday. She got to work with ELL seniors and learned a lot from them as they prepared for college. Their main focus was college-bound. They held different events throughout the school year and did some community service so they would be seen in their college applications. She helped them look at the financial aid option if that would he helpful for her students and their families. She watched her students work tremendously hard in and out of the classroom.

Unfortunately, her and her students came to realize that a member of the class was diagnosed with kidney failure. The students worked together and set up jars to raise money throughout the school and community. The ill student could not afford a huge surgery like that so the classmates stepped in and tried whatever they could do to help. They were all in the moment and worked together which made Courtney overwhelmingly proud as a teacher and a human being.

Back in high school, one of my best friends Mikey was diagnosed with a one in a million disease called HLH (Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis). It is a life-threatening disease which unfortunately took my best friends life at the age of 18. He was so well-known around my school and community. No one ever had a bad thing to say about him. When people found out he was seriously ill, my friends and I who were the closest with him sold shirts that said "Team Mikey" with drums on them because he played the drums. We sold them for $10 a shirt and tried to raise money to help his family out. After only 2 weeks of being ill, he passed away.

We took all that money and put it towards research for the disease and then held a fund raiser for the cause. We ended up making a bunch of money and put it towards research since it is not a well-known disease. 

When I am a teacher, I hope to get my students to come together and work together within the classroom an community. I want to be a teacher like Courtney and live in the moment with my students by making little differences in the world. I can relate this chapter to my major (psychology with education concentration) because it helps form a bond between the teacher and her students. It also forms a bond between the classmates. 

Tuesday, November 7, 2017

Chapter 4 - Building a Collaborative Culture

                                           Chapter 4- Building a Collaborative Culture

            Chapter 4 starts off with a quote from Roland Barth, who is an author and a former faculty member of Harvard Graduate School of Education. Barth stated, “The nature of relationships among the adults within a school has a greater influence on the character and quality of that school and on student accomplishment than anything else”. I feel that this quote hits home, considering I am looking to go into becoming a teacher. It is important that in the future my colleagues and myself communicate and work together. By us adults working together, not only will we benefit, but the students will benefit too. The students will have a well-balanced learning environment. An environment that they know all the teachers are there to help them succeed. Chapter 4 helps individuals understand what it means to build a collaborative culture.
            Chapter 4 states that relationships matter and should be put first. No one wants to learn from someone they do not like, nor have a relationship with. Students are more likely to engage in class and ask questions if they have a relationship with their teacher. It is said that the school environment has two relationships congeniality and collegiality. Congeniality refers to the polite, friendly relationship we have with one and another. The other relationship is collegiality which is a shared belief that none of us is good or even as smart as everyone else and that together we can all contribute to improving individual practices. What comes with building a relationship is trust. Trust will also help the relationships to continue to grow. This is done through generating feelings or belonging and mutual respect.

            When individuals come together they create a shared vision. A shared vision allows everyone to be on the same page and working for the same goal. Shared visions allow individuals to touch upon concerns about what is presently going on. From there they can discuss how they see the future or where they would like to be in the future. Shared visions start developing into the concept of “creating something new together”.
            For all this to come together there are steps that are needed for collaboration. One step is forming, which is where team members get to know each other. From there storming happens. Storming is when team members start to disagree or start to become frustrated with learning new techniques. This is followed by norming, which is when the team members develop norms or accepted behaviors for how they will operate as a group. Finally, team members get to the stage of performing. Performing happens when teams move from congeniality to collegiality.

            The collaboration can be put into practice in the classroom. Technology can help play a vital role. Technology give us the opportunity to be in touch with the world. Students can collaborate with people from different cultures and negotiating cultural differences in both physical and virtual worlds. This is important for the present and the future, since our world relays so much on technology. In the future when I am a teacher, I would love to have some type of collaboration of my students with a class from a different part of the world. Help both students learn that even though they are from two different walks of life, they can work together. 

Monday, November 6, 2017

Chapter 4 Summary

Chapter 4 is based on building a collaborative culture. This chapter discusses relationships in the working world. Educators make their ways of educating relevant to their students and for themselves. They find ways to teach that they are comfortable with and that their students will need in the future. As teachers work together, they come together and collaborate. Collaboration is sometimes a difficult concept in traditional environments. Some cultures have different views on teaching and collaborating. You may have to change values, norms and beliefs in order to support connected learning.

Technology today leads to better relationships in the working field. Teachers can connect from around the globe and collaborate on different ideas that they have for inside the classroom or outside of it. Collaborating works in different ways. There are different stages of collaboration. They are: forming, storming, norming and performing. Forming is when team members come together and form a bond. Storming is when they begin to become frustrated and start to disagree. Norming is when the team knows theres a deadline coming up and they forge ahead. They develop norms or accepted behaviors for how they will operate as a group. Performing is when the group enters the performing stage and move past congeniality to collegiality.

Monday, October 23, 2017

Blog Q & A

Blog Q and A

Integrating Websites with Social Media

Image result for pinterest

1. 5 Ways to Use Pinterest in Career Management:

- The user can create various "boards".  Boards can be compared to how you create folders on your computer for different documents, photos. etc. Pinterest boards are where the user can create different boards and within each board add or "pin" their ideas they feel should be kept within that board. They keep what is "pinned"under that board so the user can stay organize and find them in the future when needed.

- Users can use pinterest to find different ideas or they can even upload their own pictures, ideas, directions, recipes, etc. that other people can "pin" to their boards.

- Pinterest allows you to follow other people. You can choose to follow other people with the same career as you. By following others in the same field you can broaden your ideas and perspectives. This will help you learn more on what you would like to do or not to do within your career. 

- Pinterest  is user friendly. If you are having problems finding different ideas or concepts within your field, you can type in the search bar. You can type in anything that deals with your career and different ideas will appear that you can look into or even pin into one of your boards.

-The different pins you find can help with all aspects of careers. My future career will be a biology teacher. So, I can use pinterest for examples on how to get tips on teaching a certain topic to my students.

2. 5 Ways to use Pinterest in your Job Search:

- Pinterest is a great way to get a better idea of what the requirements are for your career. It allows you to see other sides to your career choice.

- Pinterest gives you the opportunity to follow others. To see what others are doing in your career. The more people you follow in your career path, the more ideas and perspectives that can help you make decisions and choices for what you do within your career.

- You can also use pinterest to see how you should dress for your career. For example what to wear on a job interview for your career choice. 

-  You can use pinterest for resume tips and ideas. See how others in your career choice had written their resumes.

- Link to your pinterest resume. You can add it to your linkedin portfolio, facebook and twitter, even to your actual resume. Just make sure your boards are clean and professional.

3. How I could use Pinterest for education in my field in education:

-When I enter my future career in education, in how I should dress, tips on interviews, etc.  I will use pinterest in aiding me in decorating my classroom. I can research what colors and mood help the students learn better in. I will also use it for tips and lesson plan ideas. I can use pinterest to create my own boards to help other educators in finding ideas and suggestions that they can bring back to their classroom. You can use pinterest also on ideas on how to handle difficult students or even dealing with parents.

1. What is the main purpose of
 - The main purpose is to help make searching for information easier and user friendly. Information is broken up by using hashtags.

2. Would you use
- I probably would stick to more well known sites. Or sites that I am already comfortable using. However, if the site became more popular I would be open to using it. That way I stay on top of what is going on in the online world. 

Creating Websites

Future Websites

1. What is the main purpose of is an online tool that looks like a daily newspaper made by a mash up of links, photos, and and videos from all over Twitter.  The links, photos, and videos are broken up into groups based off of their hashtags.  This helps searching the information to become easier.  

2.Would I use

-Personally, I would not use because I do not have a Twitter account.  However, if I have a coworker in my field of education who does have a Twitter account, I can have them create an account.  If their is valuable information that could benefit my coworkers and I, that coworker could email me the information.  This website could be very useful in my field, it just did not really grab my attention at first glance and I find that very important while trying to network yourself.  

Creating Websites

Future Website

1. Who will be my target audience?

- My future website will target future educators. I would love to share my experiences on how I got my start and where I stand at the moment. That way perhaps it may help others ease into the career of education. I love helping others, that is why I want to go into education. So, why not help others follow their dreams too.

The Definitive Guide to About Me Pages


1. Who am I?
- I am Erika. I am a senior at Stockton University, studying education. I aspire to become a biology teacher. 

2. What can I do for you, the visitor?
- I can post my ups and downs that I faced on my path to becoming a teaching. Once I become a teacher I can help port what works and doesn't work in my classroom setting. 

3. How can I be contacted?

Phone Number: 732-895-4628

Sunday, October 22, 2017

Answers to powerpoint questions

Pinterest is a great website to use in education not only as a teacher but as a student as well. Teachers can go on Pinterest for lesson plans and how to get creative with them. As a student, you can look up how to get creative with a project and brainstorm ideas on how you want to go about getting creative with something you are working on. Pinterest can also be used in business for ways to organize and create in the business world. Pinterest is defined as a website or online service that allows you to share images and URLs through social networking. You create pinboards of the ideas you like and want to remember so you can utilize them in the future in your own way. It absolutely can be used for educational and business purposes. is basically an online newspaper with news starting from arts and entertainment and worldwide news. The main purpose of this website is to "automatically find, publish and promote engaging articles, photos and videos from across the web". As a teacher, I could use this with my students when I assign them a current event assignment or an assignment along those lines. It gives them a chance to surf the web and engage in current news. They can find the articles that they are most interested in, write up their current event and print out the article along with their write up.

Monday, October 9, 2017

Chapter 5 - Using Tools to Support Connected Learning

  Chapter 5 in the text, The Connected Educator is about using tools to support connected learning. The chapter starts off with one of the text's authors, Sheryl mentioning how she believes students need both hands-on and visceral learning. It made me think into my future of becoming a teacher. I personally learn better by being hands-on. With that in mind, I agree with Sheryl and feel students should be taught in multiple methods. Not every child learns the same, sometimes using a different method makes all the difference in their learning experience. After reading chapter 5 and learning about numerous amounts of tools that could be used by both teachers and students, I look forward to my future in education.

   The chapter starts off discussing how tools could be used for bookmarking. Social bookmarking allows individuals to categorize and archive any content that they desire to keep for future use. Delicious is an example of a social bookmarking tool. Delicious uses tags to help you find sites that other users have categorized that match what you are looking for.

  Next the text discusses how tools could be used for social networking. There are many options you can choose from when it comes to social networking, our text shared some that are student friendly. One of the examples was classroom 2.0 Ning social network. Classroom 2.0 is made up of about fifty-eight thousand educators that are looking to incorporate web 2.0 tools  into the teaching and classrooms.

  The following section is about how tools are used for extended learning in the classroom. An example that the text shared was teachertube. Teachertube is an online community for sharing educational videos. This site can be compared to youtube. Teachertube is beneficial for future teachers because it allows you to see what other educators have used in their teaching methods. Another feature of teachertube is that you can leave comments, which allows others to see if they found the video to be of any quality and beneficial.

  I feel that web 2.0 tools are going to continue to become more popular in the classroom. So, it is important to keep up to date on all the new tools being produced. This chapter was an eye opener to just some of the possibilities that are out there that one day I can incorporate into my classroom. It is important for students to be up to date with technology because it will increase their knowledge and also keep them with or above the level of the rest of the world.

Here is a video to help understand what you can use web 2.0 tools for in the classroom!

Sunday, September 24, 2017

Chapter 2 (Developing a Connected Learner) - Week 3 Blog

  Chapter 2, “Developing a Connected Learning Model”, helps the idea of connecting learning communities. The chapter starts off with a notable example on what lies in the future of education. In 2008 students from Israel, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Finland, Canada, and the United States all had taken part in the same online class. There were 2,000 students in that class. The class was able to be successful even though it was made up of so many students from all over the world because of being connected and the use of technology. The technology that was used and could be used for classes of this concept of connected learners are some of the following; a wiki, twitter, blogs, netvibes, skype, flicker, elluminate, etc.

  Connected learning communities see diversity as a strength and not a weakness. What makes connected learning communities stronger is by having individuals from all over learn by making and developing connections that consist of ideas, experiences, and information. Having diversity allows all the individuals that are involved to see other perspectives and gain other methods on different topics. The connect learning communities come together by interacting, sharing, understanding, accepting, commenting, and creating. I feel that everything that goes into a connected learning community is beneficial for the future of education, careers and a way of life. It will help individuals of all backgrounds come together.

  Chapter 2 also discusses a lot of how connected learning communities plays a huge role in education. The chapter talks about when teachers collaborate and share they can become aware of their colleagues with better results. They also end up taking on more effective approaches that can lead to teaching and learning. The chapter also discussed how technology should be applied towards daily personal and professional lives to education, with applying connected learning it will help the student improve on learning.

  With all this in mind it helps me prepare for my future career in education. I think the concept of collaborating with others from around the world is an amazing idea. I have been lucky enough to have had the opportunity to travel to many locations around the world. I feel that I have learned more by traveling than I have in a classroom. It had given me a better comprehension of the world, people, outside perspectives and so much more. So, after reading about connected learning communities, I would love to apply this to my practice of teaching and to my students in the classroom. I feel that it would give them the opportunity to be connected to a diverse population and allow them to be successful no matter where life decided to take them. As a future teacher, knowing that my students have become successful in and outside if the classroom will leave me with the satisfaction that I have done my job correctly and successfully. I look forward to having my students and myself adapt into the connected learning communities. 

Wednesday, September 13, 2017

Chapter 6 - Building Your Connected Learning Community

Chapter 6 of the “The Connected Educator”, is about using tools to building your connected learning 
community. The authors discussed how developing a network community for learning with others in your field can actual help individuals learn more. These network communities work together in research, developing programs and implementing in schools. They also discuss how they had explored the important concepts underlying connected learning and seeing themselves as learners first. The authors started the chapter off by telling their own firsthand experiences that lead to their career choices. I feel this is valuable because it gives the reader a form of connection with the authors.

Chapter 6 mentions information on bloggers, which is a great tool, since we must create blogs in this class. The authors suggest becoming successful within your field is to create relationships. These relationships could be found among fellow colleagues.  They also suggest before adding someone to your network it is a clever idea to do some research on the individual. Check out their profile, blogs, other social media accounts. This comes into play because the text mentions that some research suggests that an individual cannot maintain social relationships with more than 150 people at a given time.

My future career in education can benefit from what I have learned reading chapter 6. Technology is a huge role in how people function and spend their days. Technology is also constantly changing. I want to be able to engage with my students and use all resources that will allow them and myself to keep learning and developing more. Blogs will also help me see what other educators are doing outside of my own classroom. This will allow me to see other perspectives and come up with new more innovative methods of teaching.  

I am looking to become a biology teacher. One of the first things the author mentioned was their experiences using a science board called Newton. This made me think more about how technology can help me in the classroom, even if it is a science classroom. There are possibilites to form communities in all fields. 

Monday, September 11, 2017

Chapter 6 Blog

This chapter of "The Connected Educator" reflects on the authors explaining how their stories got them to where they are in their field today. Social networking allowed these two to explore deeper into their careers by experimenting with others whom are in the same field. Building a connected learning community is important if you want to learn how to be more successful in what you are doing in life. Personal learning networks can build relationships and from that, you grow more in that community that you are in by leading and learning besides one another. These network communities work together in research, developing programs and implementing in schools.

Blogging can be one of your first steps into becoming successful within your field and creating the relationships with your colleagues with whom you know and who you may meet along the way. Twitter, Delicious and other social medias are easy to follow and they become one big link-sharing party. When it comes to designing your own personal network, you have to learn who to trust in the making. Asking questions like "Does this person blog?" or "Are we interested in what this person is sharing" is important to ask when you need to find the right people to trust in the network.

This chapter relates to my future career and major in many professional ways. I remember in my freshman year of high school, I had this history class that was very unique. My teacher was very interested in connecting with other people around the United States. She would connect with teachers from Texas, California and many other states and would share her teaching methods with them and vice versa. A few times during the school year, we had the chance to Skype other classes from those states and get to chat about differences and similarities that we share. It was really neat seeing how different they have it in schools compared to my high school. I would love the opportunity to do that with my students if I have the chance to teach fifth or sixth grade so they are old enough to comprehend. My high school history teacher would not be able to do anything interesting like that if it were not for learning communities and social networking within this field.

Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Book Report: The (Honest) Truth About Dishonesty: How We Lie to Everyone – Especially Ourselves by Dan Ariely

                                                                Book Report: 
      The (Honest) Truth About Dishonesty: How We Lie to Everyone – Especially Ourselves 
                                                           Author: Dan Ariely

             "There's one wat to find out if a man is honest-ask him. If he says "yes", he is a crook". 
                                                                  -Groucho Marx
                                                            General Overview
     The (Honest) Truth About Dishonesty: How We Lie to Everyone-Especially Ourselves, written by a Duke University Professor of Psychology and Behavioral Economics, Dan Ariely. Ariely is also a New York Times bestselling author. Ariely's book caught my attention do to the fact that eveyone plays the part of Pinocchio at some point in their lives. All Pinocchio wanted was to be a real boy, but ended up telling lies along the way. Do we have the same perception? Do we feel the need to lie or stretch the truth to feel like a real person, to feel liked, or to feel as we fit in? So, thinking about a childhood movie, such as Pinocchio made me think how people are in their everday honest and dishonest lives. This lead me to be intrigued by what Ariely had to say about the topic. 
      Ariely breaks the chapters up by introducing different motives for individuals to be dishonest. Each motive is an action or reasoning we have seen someone in our lives, perhaps even ourselves portray. May it be we were dishonest to receive more money, or cheated on an exam for a higher grade, the motives are endless. Most of the time we feel that little white lies won't hurt anyone. We do not see being dishonest as being bad. Ariely writes about how being dishonest in fact can hurt you in the long run or hurt others. He also touches base on what may cause an individual to be more honest, such as religion. With this day and age of social media, individuals are always trying to look more exciting or desirable to millions of others (some being complete strangers). So, why are so many individuals dishonest and looking for the approval of others, causing this dishonesty? If this is something that has crossed your mind, then Ariely's book is a great read!

                                                                   Favorite Part
    Ariely's book was a page turner, not a chapter left me disappointed. I loved how on page 106, he named the section. "Dead Grannies". He talked about how professors encounter the phenomenon of a close loved one dying right before an exam or an assignment is due. This caught my eye, because it is so true! I couldn't imagine how many times a professor must get that excuse. He mentioned that about 10% of his students go to him asking for an extension because of a death in the family, especially a grandmother. It got me thinking that these students must have a lot of grandmothers for them to be dying off left and right, semester after semester. Or their grandmothers are like cats and have nine lives. For some reason this part of the book actually made me laugh. Since it was something easily relatable and I have seen before, I find it to be extremely interesting. I related to the topic on a few levels. One, while I was getting my first bachelors degree, my mother actually passed away during the end of my very last semester of college. I still did my work because all she wanted was to see me graduate. I never told my professor what I was going through, due to the fact of this book. I thought how many other people are telling him they lost someone. On a another level, I coach girls soccer at a high school. It is amazing when their is a big party happening, or I hear that a bunch of the teens are going away for the weekend, that out of nowhere a player of mine lost a family memeber and will not be at soccer on Saturday (yes, for some reason they make a lot of the high school games on Saturdays, horrible I know!) or during pre-season they have as the book would call it, "dead grannies", especially the day they are suppose to run the mile and take the fitness test. 

       Chapter 6: Cheating Ourselvs in Ariely's book it talks about self-deception. It mentions that seld-deception is a useful strategy for believing the stories we tell, which will leave individuals not even flinching when they are claiming they are anything other than what they are pretending to be. Reading this part of the book made me think back to the lecture slides. Especially, the collection of slides on drugs. During the slides it talked about addictions. Many individuals that suffer from addictions, live in denial. They live in denial so much that they actually themselves believe they do not have an addiction or a proble, This made me think of how the book mentioned self-deception, because they are seeing and believing themselves to be what they want to believe they are. Addictions can come in all forms; drugs, alcohol, sex, shopping, caffiene, use of cell phones, etc. For example, someone may think they do not have a shopping problem, however, they can not leave a store with out buying something. They might not even had a need for the item, or even the finanical ability to afford it, yet they feel they need it and will leave with it. They will justify their actions to make themselves feel like their choice was not a bad choice. Their self-deception is off from what is really going on. 


This is a picture (not the best and old), of myself in London at Platform 9 3/4. This is also a picture of being dishonest, to go along with the Ariely's book. My friend that I went to London with loves Harry Potter. I have actually never sat through a whole Harry Potter movie or read any of the books (I know hard to believe). However, knowing she was a huge fan, I told her I had seen the movies and wanted to go see this movie location while we were in London. Reality, I could of careless if I saw it or not. Sometimes being dishonest is just to try and make someone else happy. I felt bad pretending I wanted to be there, but at the same time it made her really happy. 


Do you lie more than the average person? Check out this link to find out! 


Sunday, August 6, 2017

Zones of Optimal Functioning

                                           Zones of Optimal Functioning

     According to our class slides zones of optimal functioning is an idea in sports psychology that each individual has his/her own inverted U-curve. I found this to be interesting because I coach a girls high school soccer team. So, anything related to sports psychology catches my attention. I have to some how be in control of all the girls as a whole, but at the same time remembering that each of them have their own methods. Their own methods on what helps them perform better or what motivates them compared to what will do the opposite. 

    I also take into consideration they are high school girls, they have a lot of stress and anxiety going on. My goal is for them to use that and help them perform better. The high school I coach at is a catholic high school, so they believe in saying a prayer before each game. This concept is to help them come together and get their mind set for the game. I found this article and thought it was interesting;



                  While studying the class slides on food, it caught my attention. The section that I felt I could relate to was the slide on food neophobia. Food Neophobia is the tendency to avoid foods and to prefer familiar foods. I experienced this on one of my travels, which was to Peru. While I was in Peru the markets had all types of animals butchered up and just laying out on tables in the heat. Such as the whole head of an animal. I opted to not purchase anything to eat from the markets. Later on during the trip, there was a lady selling food on the streets. She was selling guinea pigs (the whole thing) on skewers. Again, I opted to not try it. I have included my own photos that I had taken while I was in Peru.
                 This experience and reading the section on food made me think that how food appears defiantly affects the way we feel about it. However, if I was brought up eating or being around those type of foods then I may feel different about eating them. For example in the slides there was a video about cooking and eating spiders. For some they may find that to be normal, for me...I will pass.



  As our class slides mentioned, addiction is an intense craving, seeking out and use of a particular drug. As many know there is a huge controversy over if it is a disease or a choice. I am not one to judge, nor want to place blame on either side. This is because part of me never had the urge to try drugs, nor even a cigarette. So, I personally do not understand what individuals that do choose to use a substance feels. Another part of me has watched friends fall into drugs and even to the point of addiction. I do feel that addiction does lead to hurting more than just the individual with the addiction. Their loved ones suffer too. They become concerned and want to help. However, you can only help those who want help. The loved ones are afraid of pushing them away or not being able to "save" them.

   When individuals hear the word "addiction" the first things that come to mind are drugs, nicotine, or alcohol. All substances that are easy to abuse. Many are quick to pass judgement, which I find rather ironic. I find it to be rather ironic because those are not the only things that are addictions. For example, how many people feel naked or lost without their smartphones?! Some individuals can not go a short period of time without their phone. To me that is an addiction too. So, before one passes judgement on others, they should take a step back and see that they too may have their own issue. Everyone makes a poor choice at times, we would like to hope it doesn't end poorly.

Tuesday, June 27, 2017

Nonverbal Communication

Ever have that "ability" to communicate with a really good friend of yours without actually saying anything? Some people claim that they share a sort of "telepathy" with a specific person and can relay messages without saying a single word to them. How does this happen? We find that this form of communication is stronger with those we have a good relationship with, mainly because those we appreciate more share the same behaviors as we do. That sort eye shrug followed by rolling your eyes can say so many different things without verbally speaking. This is what we call nonverbal communication, and is a learned social behavior.

Nonverbal communication is essentially the language technique used to convey meaning and information to others by way of facial expressions, gestures, eye gaze, nodding your head, appearance, and a large number of things. These forms of communication vary as many of us use them differently. For example, if we are sad and want someone to know about it, we may frown or cry. If we want to get someones attention, we may wave our hands, snap our fingers, or wink at them. Me and my best friend usually have a way of communicating when certain people walk in the room, where one of us will shoot the other a look and we automatically know what were saying. But the beauty of it is we are on the same page almost all the time. To me, this is largely due to our ability to share the same behaviors.

Monday, June 26, 2017


We have been learning about ways to strengthening operant behavior through reinforcement. Like we already learned behaviors can be strengthened through reinforcement. But what we did not touch on is that a behavior can be wakened through extinction. Extinction is the non-reinforcement of a former reinforced response; the results of this process is a decrease in the strength of that responses strength. For example, a child learned that every time he whines he will receive candy, he will continue to whine every time he wants candy but, if you switch it up and withhold the candy the frequency of the whining will decline. This is an example of a gradual weakening of a conditioned response that resulted in the behavior decreasing or disappearing. When you stop rewarding the behavior will eventually stop. This is something that is important for everyone to know, it is a useful tool that we will all come across as adults whether we are dealing with a child or an animal.

Extinction in operant condition