Max Werthimer is known as a Gestalt visionary and Wolfgang Kolhler was the spokesperson for Gestalt psychology who traveled to the Unites states to promote it. There is not an exact translation of Gestalt but a close one would be configuration, holistic and pattern. It incorporates a broad field of ideas. It is basically the psychology of thinking. Werthimer main focal point was the difference between productive thinking, and reproductive thinking. It really focused on perspectives. The perspectives of the scientific method reflect their acceptance of field physics as a model for physics. The perspectives of the mind and brain reject reductionist and linear models of the brain. The influence Gestalt psychology had was great. It created approaches to other topics and was put into textbooks and mainstream psychology. Kurt Lewin used Gestalt concepts to study individual and social behavior. He wanted to see how people interacted with the environment. There was a second generation of Gestalt psychologist, Karl Dunker, Hewig Von Restorff, Solomon Asch and Mutzafer Sherif. They furthered the research of the founders.
Elements of though
The purpose- The purpose of this chapter was introducing the topic of Gestalt psychology. It explained what it is and the significant people involved in Gestalt psychology.
Information- There was a lot of information in this chapter, but the main point was the different perspectives of Gestalt psychology.
Point of view- The point of view for this chapter is very important because it is all about how people perceive information.