Operant conditioning theory consists of positive punishment, positive reinforcement, negative punishment, and negative reinforcement. Reinforcers increase behavior while punishment decreases behavior. The positive reinforcement is the highlight of the post. Positive reinforcements basically reward good behavior. For example, training a dog to do simple tricks like giving paw or sitting down would result in the dog getting a treat. Another positive reinforcement would be studying for a test which results in good grades. I remember in elementary school teachers would give out candy or stickers for good behavior.