I found an instant interest in topic from our text, Operant Conditioning with the focus of Operant Behavior and everything that follows it.
B.F. Skinner a Psychologist of Behaviorism, who theorized that all organisms were basically influenced by the consequences that control our behavior. For an example; Positive Reinforcement increases while Positive Punishment decreases the behaviors that follow it.
The positive reinforcement example from our text is that “The rate presses a lever and receives a food pallet”; resulting in the rat being given something pleasant after his behavior to increase the probability the behavior will continue in the future.
Whereas positive punishment is “the rat receiving a shock when it pressed a lever, it would stop pressing the lever”; causing for the rat to be presented with something unpleasant after a behavior that will then decrease the probability of the behavior happening again in the future.
Remembering back to a topic in a previous Psych lecture, where the professor played a video of 2 children (around the same age, different sex) are shown a piece of candy which then is covered up by a cup and the children are asked to not remove the cup and take the candy until the ringing of the bell. The video demonstrates the Operant Conditioning section of our class; exploring Fixed Duration Schedule, Operant Behavior, Positive Reinforcement, Positive punishment and also Delayed and instant Gratification.
Unfortunately I could not obtain the video after searching everywhere for the last 3 days, so I decided to go with the Marshmallow Experiment video (link below), which is very similar to the Candy and Bell Experiment I mentioned above.