In chapter 8 of “Introduction to Learning and Behavior,” the authors discuss extinction. Extinction is the decrease or disappearance of a previously reinforced behavior that is no longer reinforced. There is both a procedure and a process of extinction. The procedure of extinction is no longer giving a reinforcement while the process of extinction is the decrease of behavior. I experienced this first hand when dealing with a two-year-old girl I babysit.
The little girl I babysit used to start to whine every time she was offered a snack because she wanted to watch TV while eating. At the beginning, I would give in but then I learned that it was a problem. I started to not reward her with TV when she whined. She was
at the table and eat without whining. The
procedure of extinction was no TV, and the process was the decline in the
behavior (whining). As of right now, the behavior is completely eliminated. to sit
This is the procedure and
of how I extinguished this behavior. process
Whining --> TVR S^r
Whining -->No TV
This video gives a definition and an e
xample of extin ctio n.
The next video is a clip from t
he show, Supernanny, that gives an example of how to extinguish
a behavior. In the clip, the behavior is that the child is not sleeping in their own
Powell, R. A., Honey, P. L., & Symbaluk, D. G. (2013). Introduction to Learning and Behavior.
Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.