While reading chapter 9, the question of the proper way to punish a child can into mind. Positive punishment was defined by Honey, Powell, and Symbaluk in Introduction to learning and behavior (2013) as a punishment that consists of “the presentation of a certain event following a response, which then leads to a decrease in the future strength of that response” and negative punishment was defined as a punishment that “consists of the removal of a certain event following a response, which then leads to a decrease in the future strength of that response” (Honey, Powell, & Symbaluk, 2013, p. 365). Within this chapter the term obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is explained as “a disorder characterized by persistent thoughts, impulses, or images (called obsessions), and repetitive, stereotyped actions (called compulsions) that are carried out in response to the obsessions” ((Honey, Powell, & Symbaluk, 2013, p. 361). Also explained in the text, an effective consequence that maintains an obsessive-compulsive disorder is negative reinforcement (Honey, Powell, & Symbaluk, 2013).
Although all of us feel a little OCD about certain things there are people that take it so far it can take them hours to even leave their houses. In an article called The different types of obsessive-compulsive disorder (2014) by OCD-UK there was a list provided of the many different types of OCD. It was explained that “typically a person’s OCD will fall into one of the following four areas:
- Contamination / Mental Contamination
- Ruminations / Intrusive Thoughts” (The different types, 2013, p. 1).
Celebrity Howie Mandel has OCD. You may have noticed the host of Deal or No Deal “fist bumping” the contestants rather than shaking their hand… This video shows his day by day routine with OCD: contamination
This is a video about a man with OCD who realized he had OCD at a really young age. He explains how he used to wash his body with Lysol, how he compulsively washed his clothes, and how his OCD made him feel as though he was being taken over. His OCD also drove him to smoke marijuana and drink daily.
The different types of obsessive-compulsive disorder, (2014). OCD-UK. Retrieved from: http://www.ocduk.org/types-ocd
Honey, P., Powell, R., & Symbaluk, D. (2013). Introduction to learning and behavior (4th ed.). Belmont , Calif.: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.